many years of research on agricultural policy and management issues,
Michael Mortimore and Mary Tiffen set up the Drylands Research partnership
in 1998, to carry out work on long term change and policy issues
in dryland management in African countries. Their long term study
of Machakos District, Kenya, 1930-60, carried out by the Overseas
Development Institute (ODI) had led to a book (Mary Tiffen, Michael
Mortimore and Francis Gichuki, More people, less erosion: environmental
recovery in Kenya, John Wiley, 1994), which was a synthesis
and interpretation of the physical and social development path in
Machakos. The book generated a set of hypotheses and policy recommendations
which Drylands Research have now tested and elaborated in four other
African dryland environments.
Left to right:
Francis Gichuki, Mike Mortimore, Stephen Mbogoh, Peter Muasya, Abdou
Fall, Mary Tiffen, Charles Nzioka, Joseph Mbuvi
Mortimore is a geographer who taught and researched at Ahmadu
Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria between 1962 and 1979, and was Professor
of Geography at Bayero University, Kano from 1979 to 1986. Subsequently
he carried out research studies as a Senior Research Associate in
the Department of Geography, Cambridge University, the Overseas Development
Institute and as an Honorary Fellow of the Centre of West African
Studies, University of Birmingham. His research and publications have
focused on environmental management by smallholders in the drylands
of Africa. He is continuing work in this field and can be contacted
Tiffen Tiffen is a historian and socio-economist who began her
career at Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria, with a study of economic
growth in Gombe Emirate. This led to her PhD at the London School
of Economics and a book. Consultancy in the Middle East on irrigated
agriculture led to an appointment at the Overseas Development Institute,
1983-94, as a Research Fellow in charge of its Irrigation Management
Network. She developed annual special issues on African irrigation.
She later chaired its Agricultural Administration Unit. From 1990-94
Dr Tiffen was mainly engaged in the multi-disciplinary study of Machakos
District, Kenya. She has published many articles on irrigation, soil
conservation and agricultural development. Her recent articles take
a broader look at long term processes of economic and social change
in Africa. She is now available in an advisory role only and can be
contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org
is an agricultural and irrigation engineer. He obtained his PhD at
Utah State University, USA in 1988. He taught and researched on soil
and water engineering (irrigation, drainage, water harvesting and
soil and water conservation), river basin management, modelling, and
GIS at the University of Nairobi from 1978 to 2002. He is currently
the leader of Integrated Basin Water Management Systems theme of the
Challenge Programme on Water and Food (www.waterforfood.org). His
is involved in research on various aspects of integrated water resources
management within a river basin context. He is responsible for synthesis
research on enhancing basin level agricultural output and water productivity
with specific focus on (a) innovative technologies and management
practices; (b) effective institutional arrangements; and (c) decision
support tools and information. Contact: email@example.com
Faye, Docteur en agronomie option productions animales. Expérience
d'une vingtaine d'années de recherche à l'Institut Sénégalais de Recherches
Agricoles (I.S.R.A.) occupant différentes postes de responsabilité
(chef de la division agropastorale du centre national de recherche
de Bambey, coodinateur de l'équipe système de production, tranfert
de technologie et économie de l'eau dans la région du Sine Saloum,
chef du centre de recherche zootechnique de Kolda et chargé de mission
Recherche-développement à la Direction Générale de l'ISRA) et travaillant
sur différentes questions de recherche comme (1) l'intégration agriculture
- élevage (2) les systèmes de production et le transfert de technologies
en zones semi-aride (3) l'amélioration du bétail trypanotolérant dans
les systèmes de production de la zone sub-humide du Sénégal (4) articulation
entre la recherche et le développement: le pilotage par la demande.
Actuellement responsable du Bureau d'Appui à la coopération sénégalo-suisse
à Dakar (Sénégal) et animateur d'un programme de renforcement des
capacities des acteurs du dévéloppement agricole et rural. Contact:
Boubacar est Géographe, enseignant chercheur à L'Université de
Niamey au Niger. Depuis plusieurs années il effectue ses recherches
sur les systèmes agraires en particulier dans le centre sud du Niger.
Il a surtout mené de nombreuses recherches dans le domaine de la gestion
des ressources naturelles. Il collabore avec plusieurs institutions
de recherche dont Drylands Research. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
J Ayodele Ariyo is a Professor in Geography at Ahmadu Bello University,
Zaria, Nigeria. His teaching and research interests are in regional
planning and resource development, and he has published extensively
in these areas. Dr Ariyo also has wide-ranging consultancy experience
in locally and internationally funded projects. Contact: email@example.com
Selected books and
articles published by Michael Mortimore and Mary Tiffen prior to 2002
Mortimore, M. (1989)
Adapting to drought, farmers, famines and desertification in West Africa.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.Cambridge University Press.
Mortimore, M. (1998)
Roots in the African dust: sustaining the Sub-Saharan drylands.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.
Mortimore, M. (2000)
'Hard questions for 'pastoral development': a northern Nigerian perspective',
in E. Tielkes, E. Schlecht, & P. Hiernaux, eds. Elevage et gestion
de parcours au Sahel, implications pour le développement: 101-114.
Verlag Grauer, Stuttgart, Germany.
Mortimore, M. (2001)
'Overcoming variability and productivity constraints in Sahelian agriculture',
in T. A. Benjaminsen & C. Lund, eds. Politics, property and production
in the West African Sahel: Understanding natural resources management:
233-255. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Uppsala.
Mortimore, M. (2002)
'Development and change in Sahelian dryland agriculture', in D. Belshaw
& I. Livingstone, eds. Renewing development in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Policy, performance and prospects: 135-152. Routledge, London.
Mortimore, M. and Adams,
W.M.(1999) Working the Sahel: environment and society in northern Nigeria.
Routledge, London & New York
Mortimore, M. and Adams,
W.M. (2001) 'Farmer adaptation, change and 'crisis' in the Sahel', Global
Environmental Change, 11/1: 49-57.
Mortimore, M., Harris,
F., and Turner B. (1999) 'Implications of land use change for the production
of plant biomass in densely populated Sahelo-Sudanian shrub-grasslands
in north-east Nigeria', Global Ecology and Biogeography, 8 243-256.
Tiffen, M. (1976) The
enterprising peasant: Economic development in Gombe Emirate, North Eastern
State, Nigeria, 1900-1968. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
Tiffen, M. (1990) ' Land
tenure issues in irrigation planning, design and management in Sub-Saharan
Africa', in J. R. Moris & D. J. Thom, eds. Irrigation development in
Africa: Lessons of experience: Westview Press, Boulder.
Tiffen, M. (1995) 'Population
density, economic growth and societies in transition: Boserup reconsidered
in a Kenyan case-study', Development and Change, 26 31-66.
Tiffen, M. (2002) 'The
evolution of agroecological methods and the influence of markets: case
strudies from Kenya and Nigeria', in N. Uphoff, ed. Agroecological
innovations: increasing food production with participatory development:
95-108. Earthscan Publications Ltd, London.
Tiffen, M. and Mortimore,
M. (1990) Theory and practice in plantation agriculture: an economic
review. Overseas Development Institute, London.
Tiffen, M. and Mortimore,
M. (1994) 'Malthus controverted: The role of capital and technology in
growth and environment recovery in Kenya', World Development, 22/7:
Tiffen, M., Mortimore,
M., and Gichuki F. (1994) More people less erosion: environmental recovery
in Kenya. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK
Mary Tiffen and M.R. Mulele, M.R. The Environmental Impact of the 1991-2
Drought on Zambia. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Lusaka, Zambia, 1994.